Search this website:

This web page location:

home page  >   Oceania  >   Solomon Islands


Solomon Islands

Melanesians, Makira, Choiseul, Santa Isabel, Malaita

Deeper web pages:

>  Economy and Government

>  History

Solomon Islands, constitutional monarchy and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, consisting of about 30 islands and numerous atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, east of New Guinea. The country includes most of the Solomon Islands group, notably Guadalcanal, New Georgia, Santa Isabel, Malaita, Choiseul, San Cristobal (Makira), and Vella Lavella, as well as Ontong Java (Lord Howe) Atoll, Rennell, and the Santa Cruz Islands. The total area is 27,556 sq km (10,639 sq mi).


Solomon Islands is a mountainous country; the highest peak, Mount Popomanaseu on Guadalcanal, rises to an elevation of 2,331 m (7,648 ft). The mountains are of volcanic origin. The climate of Solomon Islands is hot and humid.


The population (2008 estimate) is 581,208. The capital and principal port is Honiara (population, 1990 estimate, 35,288), on Guadalcanal. Melanesians make up 93 percent of the population, with a small minority of Polynesians. Solomon Islands has a high birth rate, which has resulted in low literacy rates and a high level of unemployment. English is the official language, although Pidgin is more widely spoken; some 80 local languages are also used.


Microsoft Encarta 2009. 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

Article key phrases:

Melanesians, Makira, Choiseul, Santa Isabel, Malaita, constitutional monarchy, Santa Cruz Islands, Honiara, Guadalcanal, San Cristobal, Pidgin, South Pacific Ocean, Lord Howe, New Georgia, official language, highest peak, People, elevation, Solomon Islands, capital, population, mountains, estimate, percent, English, Land, member

Search this website: