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Papua New Guinea

Irian Jaya, Port Moresby, rain forests, city life, High mountains

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Papua New Guinea, independent nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, located north of Australia and east of Indonesia. Papua New Guinea occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, called the mainland, and several hundred smaller islands. The western part of New Guinea forms the Indonesian province of Papua (formerly Irian Jaya). Most Papua New Guineans live in rural villages along the coast or in the rugged interior. High mountains and rain forests isolate many villages, although a network of roads and airstrips serves mines and plantations. Since the country’s independence from Australia in 1975, town and city life has expanded as villagers have migrated to urban areas in search of employment. Port Moresby, located on the mainland’s southeastern coast, is Papua New Guinea’s capital and largest city.


Papua New Guinea

Flannery, Tim. Throwim Way Leg: An Adventure. Atlantic, 1999. Reveals the plight of New Guinea's animals and the beliefs of the country's people through the author's fieldwork and travels.

Holmes, John Henry. In Primitive New Guinea. AMS, 1978. Account of the Ipi and Namau tribes.

Marriott, Edward. The Lost Tribe: A Harrowing Passage into New Guinea's Heart of Darkness. Holt, 1997. Journalist author's dangerous trek through the jungle to contact the Liawep, one of the New Guinean tribes.

Rainier, Chris. Where Masks Still Dance: New Guinea. Bulfinch, 1996. Photographic exploration of New Guinea's people and their culture.

Rannells, Jackson. PNG: A Fact Book on Modern Papua New Guinea. 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, 1995.

Reed, Stephen Winsor. The Making of Modern New Guinea. AMS, 1982. Effect of German and Australian control on New Guinea natives; first published in 1943.

Turner, Ann. Historical Dictionary of Papua New Guinea. Scarecrow, 1994. Concise, clear entries, with chronology and maps.

Zimmer-Tamakoshi, Laura, ed. Modern Papua New Guinea. Truman State University Press, 1998. Explores Papua New Guinea's diverse society and the challenges posed by independence.


Ulack, Richard, B.A., M.S., Ph.D. Professor of Geography, University of Kentucky. Coauthor of Mobility and Employment in Urban Southeast Asia: Examples from Indonesia and the Philippines and Atlas of Southeast Asia.

Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

Article key phrases:

Irian Jaya, Port Moresby, rain forests, city life, High mountains, villagers, plantations, urban areas, largest city, mines, Papua New Guinea, capital, Australia, independence, country, mainland, town

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