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Mediterranean Sea, Damascus, largest city, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey

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Syria (Arabic Suriyah), officially Al Jumhuriyah al Arabiyah as Suriyah (Syrian Arab Republic), republic in southwestern Asia, bounded on the north by Turkey, on the east by Iraq, on the south by Jordan and Israel, and on the west by Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea. Syria has an area of 185,180 sq km (71,498 sq mi). The capital and largest city is Damascus, also spelled Dimashq.


For younger readers

Kort, Michael G. The Handbook of the Middle East. 21st Century, 2002. For readers in grades 7 and up.

Morrison, John. Syria. Chelsea House, 2002. In the Creation of the Modern Middle East Series, for readers in grade 7 and up.

South, Coleman. Syria. Marshall Cavendish, 1995. For readers in grades 6 to 10.


Ball, Warwick. Syria: A Historical and Architectural Guide. Interlink, 1997. A picturesque guide to Syria's archaeology and architecture.

Burns, Ross. Monuments of Syria. Zed, 1999. A pictorial guide to Syria's most celebrated sites.

Cheneviere, Alan. Syria: Cradle of Civilizations. Stacey, 1997. Syrian history and modern-day culture conveyed through photographs and informative text.

Commins, David. Historical Dictionary of Syria. Scarecrow, 1996. Contains a detailed synopsis of Syrian history, a chronology, and substantial dictionary entries.

Deonna, Laurence. Syrians: A Travelogue 1992-1994. Passeggiata, 1996. Explores Syrian society through photographs and insightful text.

Kalter, Johannes. Art and Crafts of Syria. Thames & Hudson, 1993. Syrian handicrafts, including ceramics, woven mats, cloth, and metalwork; explanatory text and more than 600 illustrations.

Quilliam, Neil. Syria and the New World Order. Ithaca, 1999. A succinct analysis of Syria's foreign policy and influence in the Middle East.

Seale, Patrick. Assad of Syria: The Struggle for the Middle East. University of California Press, 1990. Background study of the Syrian leader and the nation's policies.


Microsoft Encarta 2009. 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

Article key phrases:

Mediterranean Sea, Damascus, largest city, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, capital, Jordan, Israel, Iraq, Lebanon, east

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