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Musandam Peninsula, capital of Oman, Strait of Hormuz, Shia Islam, Gulf of Oman
Oman, nation occupying the southeastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula. Oman is a desert country in which high mountain peaks gaze down on dazzling white sand beaches. It is the principal home of the Ibadis, a minority Islamic sect distinct from both Sunni and Shia Islam. For centuries a hub of Indian Ocean trade, Oman was an imperial power from the 17th through the 19th century. Oman is ruled by a monarch called a sultan, and the country’s official name is the Sultanate of Oman.
Yemen, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) border Oman to the west. The Arabian Sea (part of the Indian Ocean) lies to the east and the Gulf of Oman to the north. Its northernmost extension, on the Musandam Peninsula (separated from the rest of Oman by the UAE), overlooks the Strait of Hormuz and has a few miles of Persian Gulf coastline. Masqat, also known as Muscat, is the capital of Oman and the center of the country’s largest metropolitan area.
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Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.
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