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Silesia, Moravia, Bratislava, central Europe, largest city

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Slovakia, landlocked republic in central Europe, bounded on the northwest by the Czech Republic, on the north by Poland, on the east by Ukraine, on the south by Hungary, and on the southwest by Austria. Bratislava is its capital and largest city.

Slovakia existed as part of Hungary from the beginning of the 10th century until 1918, when it united with the Czech lands of Bohemia and Moravia, in addition to a small part of Silesia, to form Czechoslovakia. In 1939, shortly before the start of World War II, Slovakia declared its independence under pressure from German dictator Adolf Hitler, but in 1945 it was reunited with the rest of Czechoslovakia. From 1948 until 1989 Czechoslovakia was ruled by a Soviet-style Communist regime. In 1993 the country broke apart, and Slovakia and the Czech Republic became independent.


For younger readers

Drobna, Olga, and others. Slovakia: The Heart of Europe. Bolchazy-Carducci, 1999. For readers in grades 4 and up.

Slovakia in Pictures. Lerner, 1997. For readers in grades 5 to 7.


Goldman, Minton F. Slovakia Since Independence. Praeger, 1999. Slovakia's prospects.

Kirschbaum, Stanislav J. A History of Slovakia: The Struggle for Survival. St. Martin's, 1996. History of the Slovak people since the 6th century.

Kirschbaum, Stanislav J. Historical Dictionary of Slovakia. Scarecrow, 1998. Entries on people, places, and events are supported with a historical introduction in this reference guide.

Leff, Carol Skalnik. The Czech and Slovak Republics: Nation Versus State. Westview, 1996. How the Czech Republic and Slovakia came into being.

Stein, Eric. Czecho/Slovakia: Ethnic Conflict, Constitutional Fissure, Negotiated Breakup. University of Michigan Press, 1997. The struggle to work out a new federation and how it crumbled in the wake of the 1992 elections.


Wolchik, Sharon L., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Professor of Political Science and International Affairs and Director of International Policy and Practice program, The George Washington University. Author of Czechoslovakia: Politics, Economics, and Society.

Microsoft Encarta 2009. 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

Article key phrases:

Silesia, Moravia, Bratislava, central Europe, largest city, start of World War II, Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, independence, century, pressure, east, beginning, addition, country

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