Search this website:

This web page location:

home page  >   Asia  >   Pakistan



Indus Valley civilization, capital of Pakistan, Mughal Empire, East Pakistan, Southwest Asia

Deeper web pages:

>  Land and Resources

>  The People

>  Culture

>  Economy

>  Government

>  History

Pakistan, officially Islamic Republic of Pakistan, republic in South Asia, marking the area where South Asia converges with Southwest Asia and Central Asia. The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad; Karachi is the country’s largest city.

The area of present-day Pakistan was the cradle of the earliest known civilization of South Asia, the Indus Valley civilization (2500?-1700 bc). The territory was part of the Mughal Empire from 1526 until the 1700s, when it came under British rule. Pakistan gained independence in August 1947. It initially comprised two parts, West Pakistan and East Pakistan, which were separated by about 1,600 km (1,000 mi) of territory within India. In December 1971 East Pakistan seceded and became the independent republic of Bangladesh.


For younger readers

Caldwell, John C. Pakistan. Chelsea House, 2000. For readers in grades 4 to 6.

Haque, Jameel. Pakistan. Gareth Stevens, 2002. For readers in grades 4 to 8.

Heinrichs, Ann. Pakistan. Scholastic, 2004. For readers in grades 6 to 9.

Rengel, Marian. Pakistan: A Primary Source Cultural Guide. Rosen, 2004. For readers in grade 7 and up.

Sheehan, Sean. Pakistan. Benchmark, 1996. In the Cultures of the World Series, for readers in grades 4 to 8.

Taus-Bolstad, Stacy. Pakistan in Pictures. Rev. ed. Lerner, 2003. For readers in grades 5 to 9.

Wagner, Heather Lehr. India and Pakistan. Chelsea House, 2002. For readers in grades 6 to 12.


Bennett Jones, Owen. Pakistan: Eye of the Storm. Yale University Press, 2002. A former BBC correspondent looks at the divisions that tear Pakistan apart.

Blood, Peter, ed. Pakistan: A Country Study. 6th ed. Federal Research Division, L.O.C., 1995. Overview of history, society, economy, government, and politics.

Burki, Shahid Javed. Pakistan: Fifty Years of Nationhood. 3rd ed. Westview, 1999. A detailed study of Pakistan's turbulent development as a nation.

Burki, Shahid Javed. Historical Dictionary of Pakistan. 2nd ed. Scarecrow, 1999. Provides historical context for Pakistan's beginnings and development as a nation.

Hussain, Jane. A History of the People of Pakistan: Toward Independence. Oxford University Press, 1998. Covers the history of Pakistan from prehistoric times to independence from British rule.

Talbot, Ian. Pakistan: A Modern History. St. Martin's, 1999. Pakistan from 1947 to the 1990s.

Weaver, Mary Anne. Pakistan: In the Shadow of Jihad and Afghanistan. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2002. New Yorker writer Weaver describes a country in turmoil at the center of terrorist activity.

Weston, Mark. The Land and People of Pakistan. HarperCollins, 1992. Explores Pakistan's geography, ethnicity, history, politics, and culture. For younger readers.


Shafqat, Saeed, B.A., M.A. (Geography), M.A. (South Asian Studies), Ph.D. Quaid-i-Azam Professor of Pakistan Studies, Southern Asian Institute, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University. Editor of Contemporary Issues in Pakistan Studies (1998, 2nd ed.) and author of Civil—Military Relations in Pakistan (1997) and Political System of Pakistan and Public Policy (1989). Awarded a Fulbright Fellowship in 1992.

Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

Article key phrases:

Indus Valley civilization, capital of Pakistan, Mughal Empire, East Pakistan, Southwest Asia, West Pakistan, Islamabad, Karachi, Islamic Republic of Pakistan, British rule, South Asia, Central Asia, cradle, India, bc, August, independence, December, country, territory, parts

Search this website: