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Nepal, officially Kingdom of Nepal, constitutional monarchy in South Asia. Locked within the rugged ranges of the Himalayas, Nepal is bounded by the Tibet region of China on the north and India on the south, east, and west. It was cut off from the rest of the world until the early 1950s, when a palace revolution and the subsequent overthrow of the autocratic Rana dynasty marked the beginning of Nepal’s emergence into the modern world. Kathmandu is the capital and largest city.



Bernstein, Jeremy. In the Himalayas: Journeys Through Nepal, Tibet and Bhutan. Rev. ed. Globe Pequot, 1996. A review of politics, economics, and culture and the story of the author's travels.

Hansen, Eric, and Hugh Swift. The Traveler: An American Odyssey in the Himalayas. Sierra Club, 1993, 1995. A photographic tour of life in the Himalayas.

Ortner, Sherry B. Life and Death on Mt. Everest: Sherpas and Himalayan Mountaineering. Princeton University Press, 1999, 2001. An anthropologist's analysis of the relationship between mountaineers and their Sherpa guides.

Shirakawa, Yoshikazu. The Himalayas. Abrams, 1976. Beautiful photographic essay.

Zurick, David, and Pradyumna Prasad Karan. Himalaya: Life on the Edge of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999. Well-regarded introduction to the history, geography, and society of the Himalaya range.


Antin, Parker. Himalayan Odyssey: The Perilous Trek to Western Nepal. Fine, 1990. Adventurous tale of the author's trek through the forbidden territory of Dolpo in western Tibet.

Coburn, Broughton. Nepali Aama: Portrait of a Nepalese Hill Woman. Ross-Erikson, 1982. Reprint, Anchor, 1995. Insights into family and village life.

Greenwald, Jeff. Shopping for Buddhas. Lonely Planet, 1996. Reveals details of everyday life in Nepal during a search for the ""perfect"" Buddha statue.

Heinrichs, Ann. Nepal. Children's Press, 1996. Thorough treatment of the country; for younger readers.

Khadka, Rajendra S., ed. Nepal: True Stories of Life on the Road. Travelers' Tales, 1997. Different authors views of Nepal.

O'Connor, Bill. The Trekking Peaks of Nepal. Mountaineers, 1998. A guide for climbers seeking Himalayan challenges other than the daunting Everest.

Savada, Andrea Matles, ed. Nepal and Bhutan: Country Studies. 3rd ed. Library of Congress, 1993. Concise overview of political, economic, social, and cultural systems.

Scot, Barbara J. The Violet Shyness of Their Eyes: Notes from Nepal. Calyx, 1993. A teacher of English in Nepal shares her insights about the country.


Karan, Pradyumna P., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Professor of Geography, University of Kentucky, Lexington. Author of Bhutan, Environment, Culture, and Development Strategy, Nepal: Development and Change in a Landlocked Kingdom, and other books.

Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

Article key phrases:

constitutional monarchy, Kathmandu, Himalayas, South Asia, emergence, largest city, modern world, India, rest, west, east

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