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Hayastan, Caucasus region, isthmus, Yerevan, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

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Armenia, republic in western Asia. With Georgia and Azerbaijan, Armenia is located in the South Caucasus (the southern portion of the Caucasus region), which occupies part of the isthmus between the Black and Caspian seas. Yerevan is the capital and largest city.

In Armenian, the official state language, Armenia is named Hayastan. Ethnic Armenians, who call themselves Hay, constitute more than 90 percent of the country’s population. Incorporated as a part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1922, Armenia became independent in 1991. Its first post-Soviet constitution was adopted in 1995.


For younger readers

Armenia: Then and Now. Lerner, 1993. For readers in grades 4 to 6.

Dhilawala, Sakina. Armenia. 2nd ed. Marshall Cavendish, 1997. For readers in grade 7 and up.

Kherdian, David. The Road from Home: The Story of an Armenian Girl. Greenwillow, 1987. A biography of the author's mother, for readers in grades 6 and up.

Roberts, Elizabeth. Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. Millbrook, 1992. For readers in grades 4 to 6.


Avakian, Arra S. Armenia: A Journey Through History. Electric, 1998. An overview of the Armenian people, their history, significant events, important places, and individuals who did much to make the Armenian nation what it is.

Edgarian, Carol. Rise the Euphrates. Random House, 1994. The story of four generations of women uprooted from their homeland.

Hewsen, Robert H., and Christopher C. Salvatico. Armenia. University of Chicago Press, 1999. Traces Armenia's rich history from ancient times to the 1990s.

Hovannisian, Richard G., ed. The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times. 2 vols. St. Martin's, 1997. Volume 1 covers the dynastic periods to the 14th century; volume 2 covers the period of foreign dominion to the 20th century.

Karanian, Matthew, and Robert Kurkjian. Out of Stone: Armenia & Artsakh. Stone Garden, 1999. Features more than 150 spectacular color images from Armenia and the ancient Armenian province of Artsakh.

Melson, Robert. Revolution and Genocide: On the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust. University of Chicago Press, 1993. A comparative study of the murder of Armenians in World War I and the Jewish Holocaust of World War II.

Miller, Donald E., and Lorna Touryan Miller. Survivors: An Oral History of the Armenian Genocide. University of California Press, 1993, 1999. Stories of Armenian men and women who survived the massacres of 1915 to 1918.

Redgate, Elizabeth. The Armenians. Blackwell, 1999. A 3,000-year history of one of Europe's fascinating and important peoples.


Suny, Ronald Grigor, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Professor of Political Science, University of Chicago.

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Article key phrases:

Hayastan, Caucasus region, isthmus, Yerevan, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, USSR, South Caucasus, largest city, Armenia, Black, population, republic, Incorporated, country, percent

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