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Milton Obote, Idi Amin, diverse nation, Buganda, landlocked country

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Uganda, landlocked country on the equator in East Africa. The country contains a varied landscape of savanna, dense forests, and tall mountains, as well as almost half of Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa, and the primary source of the Nile River. Uganda is an ethnically diverse nation with a deeply ingrained intellectual and artistic culture. Poor but developing, Uganda’s economy is predominantly agricultural. Uganda was the site of several powerful kingdoms, most notably Buganda and Bunyoro, before the arrival of European colonists in the late 19th century. Uganda became a British protectorate in 1894, and its present borders were established in 1926. It gained independence from British rule in 1962. In the 1970s and early 1980s the nation suffered two bloody dictatorial regimes, under Idi Amin and Milton Obote, and two wars. In 1986 Uganda came under the control of pragmatic leader Yoweri Museveni, who introduced democratic and economic reforms. Kampala is Uganda’s capital and largest city.



Mamdani, Mahmood. Imperialism and Fascism in Uganda. Africa World, 1984. A Ugandan's analysis of the disastrous political climate that produced and endured Ugandan president Idi Amin.

Mutibwa, Phares. Uganda Since Independence: A Story of Unfulfilled Hopes. Red Sea, 1992. Ugandan history from colonial times through the 1990s.

Ocitti, Jim. Political Evolution and Democratic Practice in Uganda, 1952-96. Edwin Mellen, 2000. A political history of Uganda's successive failures.

Ofcansky, Thomas P. Uganda: Tarnished Pearl of Africa. Westview, 1999. An examination of the political, social, and economic influences on Ugandan history.

Twaddle, Michael. Kakungulu & The Creation of Uganda, 1868-1928. Ohio University Press, 1993. Well-researched biography of Semei Kakungulu, an elephant hunter, warrior, general, and agent of the British crown in colonial Uganda.


Kasfir, Nelson, B.A., J.D., Ph.D Professor of Government, Dartmouth College. Editor of Civil Society and Democracy in Africa: Critical Perspectives.

Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

Article key phrases:

Milton Obote, Idi Amin, diverse nation, Buganda, landlocked country, Nile River, Lake Victoria, economy, British protectorate, Kampala, largest lake, primary source, equator, economic reforms, British rule, largest city, East Africa, capital, century, independence, Poor, wars, site

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