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executive capital, Pemba, Dar es Salaam, DRC, syllables

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Tanzania, republic in East Africa, on the Indian Ocean. A diverse country in which close to 100 different languages are spoken, Tanzania was formed by the federation of the nations of Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964. The country’s name is a combination of the first syllables of the component territories’ names.

Tanzania is bounded on the north by Kenya and Uganda; on the east by the Indian Ocean; on the south by Mozambique, Malawi, and Zambia; and on the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Burundi, and Rwanda. The country includes the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba, and other offshore islands in the Indian Ocean. The total area of Tanzania is 945,100 sq km (364,900 sq mi). Dar es Salaam is the executive capital and largest city; the smaller city of Dodoma is now the legislative center of Tanzania and has been designated as the eventual capital.


For younger readers

Lindblad, Lisa. The Serengeti Migration: Africa's Animals on the Move. Hyperion, 1994. For readers in grades 3 to 7.

McCulla, Patricia E. Tanzania. Chelsea House, 1998. For readers in grades 5 to 8.


Barkan, Joel D., ed. Beyond Capitalism vs. Socialism in Kenya and Tanzania. Lynne Rienner, 1994. Explores the economic deterioration and government corruption that plague both countries, despite their very different post-independence economic strategies.

Iwago, Mitsuaki. In the Lion's Den. Chronicle, 1996. Richly photographed study of the lions of Tanzania's Serengeti Plain.

Joynson-Hicks, Paul. Tanzania: Portrait of a Nation. Quiller, 1999. A balanced portrait of Tanzania's geography, culture, and people.

Maddox, Gregory; James Giblin; and Isaria N. Kimambo, eds. Custodians of the Land: Ecology and Culture in the History of Tanzania. Ohio University Press, 1996. Environmental history of Tanzania.

Ofcansky, Thomas P., and Rodger Yeager. Historical Dictionary of Tanzania. Scarecrow, 1997. An overview of the region and the major players, significant events, and institutions.

Sadleir, Randal. Tanzania, Journey to Republic. St. Martin's, 1999. A look at Tanzania's transition to nationhood under Julius Nyerere.


Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

Article key phrases:

executive capital, Pemba, Dar es Salaam, DRC, syllables, largest city, different languages, Indian Ocean, East Africa, Democratic Republic, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Uganda, Zambia, Congo, republic, names, west, federation, east, combination

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