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traditional leaders, South Africa, Judicial authority, National Assembly, house of parliament

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Swaziland, independent monarchy in southeastern Africa, bounded on the east by Mozambique and on the southeast, south, west, and north by South Africa. It covers an area of 17,363 sq km (6,704 sq mi).


National executive power in Swaziland is vested in a king who appoints, and is assisted by, a prime minister and cabinet. One house of parliament is the National Assembly, which has 65 members, 55 of whom are directly elected from a list of candidates nominated by traditional local councils or directly elected and 10 appointed by the king. The 30-member Senate includes 10 members who are elected by the National Assembly and 20 who are appointed by the king. Judicial authority is vested in a high court and subordinate courts. Civil matters among Swazi are handled by traditional leaders, subject to appeals to the High Court.



Booth, Alan R., and John J Grotpeter. Historical Dictionary of Swaziland. 2nd ed. Scarecrow, 2000. Numerous entries accompany a solid historical introduction and chronology.

Forster, Peter G. Swaziland: Contemporary Social and Economic Issues. Ashgate, 2000. Examines Swaziland in the context of South Africa's new independence.

Funnell, Don. Under the Shadow of Apartheid: Agrarian Transformation in Swaziland. Ashgate, 1991. Swaziland grapples with the effects of history and geography on its traditional agrarian economy.

Leigh, Nila K. Learning to Swim in Swaziland: A Child's-Eye View of a Southern African Country. Scholastic, 1993. An 11-year-old child describes life in Swaziland.

Rose, Laurel L. The Politics of Harmony: Land Dispute Strategies in Swaziland. Cambridge University Press, 1992. An analysis of the social and economic effects of land-use policies in primarily agricultural Swaziland.


Microsoft Encarta 2009. 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

Article key phrases:

traditional leaders, South Africa, Judicial authority, National Assembly, house of parliament, high court, list of candidates, west, Civil matters, prime minister, Swaziland, Mozambique, king, cabinet, area, Government, members

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