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diverse nation, European colonies, socialist government, Portuguese colony, rapid economic growth

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Mozambique, officially Republic of Mozambique, country located on the southeastern coast of Africa. An ethnically and linguistically diverse nation bisected by the powerful Zambezi River, Mozambique was colonized by Portugal during the 16th and 17th centuries. As a Portuguese colony, Mozambique was a major source of slaves for European colonies in the Americas. After achieving independence in 1975, Mozambique suffered a devastating civil war between the socialist government and an anticommunist rebel movement, in which more than 1 million people died. After a peace agreement ended the war in 1992, Mozambique experienced rapid economic growth.



Barnes, Sam. War and Peace in Mozambique. St. Martin's, 1998. A study of Mozambique's transition to peace and democracy.

Hall, Margaret, and Tom Young. Confronting Leviathan: Mozambique Since Independence. Ohio University Press, 1997. Political and social forces in contemporary Mozambique.

Hanlon, Joseph. Mozambique: Who Calls the Shots? Indiana University Press, 1991. Effects of foreign aid on postindependence progress.

Michler, Ian. This Is Mozambique. New Holland, 2000. A photographic guide to the culture and people of Mozambique.

Newitt, Malyn. A History of Mozambique. Indiana University Press, 1995. A comprehensive history of Mozambique from early Portuguese exploration to the 1990s.


Newitt, Malyn D. D., B.A., Ph.D. Professor of History in the Department of Portuguese and Brazilian Studies, King's College, London. Author of The Camera Islands: Struggle Against Dependency in the Indian Ocean and other books.

Microsoft Encarta 2009. 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

Article key phrases:

diverse nation, European colonies, socialist government, Portuguese colony, rapid economic growth, peace agreement, people, Portugal, centuries, independence, country, Americas

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