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Central African Republic

Bangui, military coup, presidential elections, Council of Ministers, DRC

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Central African Republic, republic in central Africa, bordered on the north by Chad, on the east by Sudan, on the south by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo, and on the west by Cameroon. The landlocked nation has an area of 622,436 sq km (240,324 sq mi). Bangui is the capital and largest city.


Prior to a military coup in 2003, the Central African Republic was governed under a 1994 constitution that provided for a multiparty democracy. Under this constitution, executive authority was vested in a president and the Council of Ministers, which was headed by the president. The president was popularly elected to a six-year term and could serve a maximum of two consecutive terms. Legislative authority was held by a 109-member National Assembly; members of the assembly were popularly elected to five-year terms. The Central African Democratic Rally is the country’s leading political party. The leaders of the 2003 coup suspended the constitution, dissolved the National Assembly, and formed a transitional government. A civilian government was restored in 2005 when presidential elections were held.


Central African Republic

Clark, John Frank, and David E. Gardinier, eds. Political Reform in Francophone Africa. Westview, 1997. Evolution of government and political systems in post-colonial Africa.

Decalo, Samuel. Psychoses of Power: African Personal Dictatorships. Florida Academic, 1998. Discusses the social origins of dictatorships in Uganda, Guinea, and the Central African Republic.

Kalck, Pierre. Historical Dictionary of the Central African Republic. Scarecrow, 1992. Guide to people, places, and events in the history of the Central African Republic.

Kirk-Green, Anthony, and Daniel Bach. State and Society in Francophone Africa Since Independence. St. Martin's, 1995. Thematic examination of the political systems, economic and financial systems, international relations, literature, and philosophy of former French colonies in Africa.

O'Toole, Thomas, ed. Central African Republic in Pictures. Lerner, 1986-1996. Photographic panorama of a country in the heart of the continent.

O'Toole, Thomas. The Central African Republic: The Continent's Hidden Heart. Westview, 1986. Landlocked, economically troubled country.


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Article key phrases:

Bangui, military coup, presidential elections, Council of Ministers, DRC, executive authority, Legislative authority, Zaire, largest city, Democratic Republic, Central African Republic, Sudan, constitution, Congo, Chad, west, Government, east, country, area, maximum, leaders, members

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