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area, Lake Tanganyika, Bujumbura, DRC, eastern Africa

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Burundi, landlocked republic in eastern Africa, bounded on the north by Rwanda, on the east and south by Tanzania, and on the west by Lake Tanganyika and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, formerly Zaire). Formerly ruled by tribal monarchies, the area that is now Burundi was colonized by Germany in the late 19th century and under German and then Belgian administration until its independence in 1962. Bujumbura is the capital and largest city.



Eggers, Ellen K., ed. Historical Dictionary of Burundi. 2nd ed . Scarecrow, 1997. A thorough chronological guide to Burundi's unsettled existence.

Lemarchand, Rene. Burundi: Ethnic Conflict and Genocide. Cambridge University Press, 1996. A wide-ranging discussion of the history, roots, and consequences of ethnic strife in historical and contemporary Burundi.

Wolbers, Marian. Burundi. Chelsea House, 1989. For younger readers.


Fegley, Randall Arlin, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Instructor of Political Science, Pennsylvania State University. Author of Equatorial Guinea: An African Tragedy and other books.

Microsoft Encarta 2009. 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

Article key phrases:

area, Lake Tanganyika, Bujumbura, DRC, eastern Africa, west, largest city, Democratic Republic, Burundi, Tanzania, Rwanda, Congo, Germany, century

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